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Liquid Fuels From Biomass In The Era Of Bioeconomy

Biomass solid fuels, especially wood pellets, have gained great attention so that their use continues to increase, as a means of lowering the temperature of the earth. The estimated use of world wood pellets will reach 50 million tonnes / year by2024 while Korea and Japan alone will reach 20 million tonnes / year in the next 3-4 years. Why is the biomass-fuel solid getting so much attention? This is due to the large coal-fired power plants that have been able to gradually use the wood pellets, even new plants are also built specifically using wood pellets or other biomass fuels such as palm kernel shells or wood chips. What about liquid fuels from biomass? Liquid fuel has a large portion as a vehicle fuel or industry, both derived from fossil and from biomass. Bioenergy (energy from biomass which includes solid, liquid and gas) currently accounts for about 10% of total global energy use, or equivalent about 53 EJ / year (about 6 minutes of solar radiation to the earth). Petroleum cons…
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Go Biomass, Go Bioeconomy!

"Verily in the creation of the heaven and the earth, and the alternation of night and day there are signs for the intelligent (ulil albab). Those who remember Allah while standing or sitting or lying down and they are thinking about the creation of the heaven and the earth - (then say) 'Our God, you have not created this in vain, Glory to You, so guard us from the torment of hell ". (Qur'an Surah 3: 190-191)
Energy is at the foundation of various economic activities. To heat, cool, illuminate, communication and various computer systems, transportation, mechanical work always requires energy. Currently most of the energy comes from fossil fuels that are bad for the environment in the form of rising carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration which causes climate change and global warming problems. In addition, the fossil fuel in value is also unsustainable because of its limited resources, so the key words of energy development for the present and future is sustainability. In …

Catching Up the Great Opportunity of OPT Pellet

Most of the palm oil plantations have entered the old age and need to be rejuvenated by replanting. The number of palm oil trunks so much that it needs to be processed so as not to pollute the environment while providing benefits. Production of oil palm trunk pellets (OPT pellets) is the best way of processing these oil palm trunks. Potency of oil palm trunk pellets (OPT Pellet) which can be produced as much as 12 million tons. While the need for wood pellets is also very large, ie globally 50 million tons/year, while for Asia, especially Korea and Japan alone ranges 20 million tons / year, while for the domestic market needs are also quite big which currently have reaches hundreds of thousands of tons/year with a tendency to keep increasing. After the palm trunks are collected from the plantation then the OPT pellet production process can be done. The high moisture content of the palm trunks becomes a challenge for the production of OPT pellet. Pre-treatment to reduce the moisture c…

Wood Lump Charcoal and Sawdust Charcoal Briquette For Export Markets

Wood lump charcoal and sawdust charcoal briquette are two types of wood charcoal products. Wood lump charcoal comes from pieces of wood, while sawdust charcoal briquette comes from sawdust. Sawdust charcoal briquette is more in demand by the export market than lump charcoal because of its advantages, which is more solid, ie twice the density of wood so that the flame or burning time is longer and also saves transportation costs, uniform size and shape making it easier in use and packaging. Sawdust charcoal briquette is usually hexagonal and octagonal with a hole in the middle for easy burning. While lump charcoal has irregular shape like the raw material. Middle East countries and especially Saudi Arabia are the countries that use the sawdust charcoal briquette in large numbers that is mainly to grill the sheep as favorite dishes there. And Turkey is a country in Europe that also uses a huge sawdust charcoal briquette to cook their various meat dishes.

In the development of the great…

The Largest Producer of Biomass, That Is Equatorial Region

Indonesia is a country through which the equator is passed so become tropical climate with the sun shining all year long with an average of 12 hours each day. The number of volcanoes that are widely spread in various islands make the soil is also fertile. Moreover, with high rainfall of 2700 mm / year or three times higher than the world average of only 900 mm / year makes Indonesia is also ideal for agriculture and plantations of various types of plants. Indonesia's rainfall is higher than India (1,080 mm), America (715 mm), China (645 mm), Brazil (1,750 mm), Argentina (591 mm) and even Thailand (1,625 mm). Only two of our neighbors are able to surpass the Indonesian rainfall of Malaysia (2,875 mm) and Papua New Guinea (3,140). In fact, we should be even more grateful when compared to countries such as Jordan (111 mm), Qatar (74 mm), Saudi Arabia (59 mm) and Egypt who only get 51 mm rainfall per year. Biomass production for energy is also optimal with these climatic conditions. …

CPO For Power Plant Fuel

Not only in power plants with solid fuels such as steam power plants that use coal as the fuel gradually use renewable energy in the form of biomass such as wood pellet to reduce the CO2 in atmospheric, but also has penetrated into liquid-fueled power plant . Some of these power plants use biodiesel, and even with its fuel-flexibility technology, plant oils can be used directly like CPO (crude palm oil). Provider of such machinery or power plant equipment such as Wärtsilä and MAN. Although overall the portion or percentage of fuel or renewable energy has not been large but has gradually entered the various lines due primarily to the driving force of environmental problems, climate change and sustainability. The issue of sustainability has received great attention for now.
Indonesia as the world's largest CPO producer, has a strategic role as a supplier of such fuel as well as making power plants with CPO fuel. A number of countries have used CPO as fuel for the plant because it i…

Korea's Choice Gricidae Energy Plantation?

There are many similarities between calliandra and gliricidae namely, the leguminoceae group, the wood has a high calorific value, easy to grow, suitable for cultivated energy plantation with fast growing capability after harvesting the wood, and can be integrated with the livestock business by utilizing the green leaves. But gliricidae sepium is easier and more common in many places. This is because gamal has several advantages over calliandra ie as shade trees, fences plants and simple building poles. Gliricidae can also grow in various places and types of soil, evident from the sea to the high mountains. As for the energy sector, calliandra wood has an advantage with faster dry so it can be exploited or easier to process further. As a group of leguminoceae both gliricidae and calliandra are able to fertilize the soil because its roots are able to bind nitrogen from the atmosphere, increase soil organic matter, improve physical characteristics of soil, aeration and drainage, reduce…